Close Up Ephesos amphitheatre with harbour street. Due to ancient and subsequent deforestation, overgrazing (mostly by goat herds), erosion and soil degradation the Turkey coastline is now 3–4 km (2–2 mi) away from the ancient Greek site with sediments filling the plain and the Mediterranean Sea. In the background: muddy remains of the former harbour, bare hill ridges without rich soils and woods, a maquis shrubland remaining.
Theater and harbour street. Like the ancient city Miletus nearby, in antiquity the city possessed a natural harbour at the end of the street.
The Gate of Augustus in Ephesus was built to honor the Emperor Augustus and his family.
Tomb of John the Apostle at the Basilica of St. John.